WebIn computing, plain text is a loose term for data (e.g. file contents) that represent only characters of readable material but not its graphical representation nor other objects (floating-point numbers, images, etc.).It may also include a limited number of "whitespace" characters that affect simple arrangement of text, such as spaces, line breaks, or Web21/10/ · A footnote in Microsoft's submission to the UK's Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has let slip the reason behind Call of Duty's absence from the Xbox Game Pass library: Sony and WebCommand Line Options. GAMS Studio can be started with additional command line options that change the behavior or trigger certain functionality at start up time. The syntax for starting GAMS Studio from the command line is. studio [options] [files] While files is one or more files to be opened by GAMS Studio, the following options can be supplied WebThe Socrates (aka blogger.com) and Berkeley Scholars web hosting services have been retired as of January 5th, If the site you're looking for does not appear in the list below, you may also be able to find the materials by WebFor example, consider the following example where we want to model that one out of n options has to be selected. This is expressed as: SOS1 Variable x(i); Equation defx; defx.. sum(i, x(i)) =e= 1 ; The variable x can be made binary without any change in meaning and the solution provided by the solver will be indistinguishable from the SOS1 case ... read more
It was apparently these kinds of agreements that Xbox's Phil Spencer had in mind opens in new tab when he spoke to Sony bosses in January and confirmed Microsoft's "intent to honor all existing agreements upon acquisition of Activision Blizzard". Unfortunately, the footnote ends there, so there's not much in the way of detail about what these restrictions are or how long they'd remain in effect in a potential post-acquisition world.
Given COD's continued non-appearance on Game Pass, you've got to imagine the restrictions are fairly significant if they're not an outright block on COD coming to the service. Either way, the simple fact that Microsoft is apparently willing to maintain any restrictions on its own ability to put first-party games on Game Pass is rather remarkable, given that making Game Pass more appealing is one of the reasons for its acquisition spree. The irony of Sony making deals like this one while fretting about COD's future on PlayStation probably isn't lost on Microsoft's lawyers, which is no doubt part of why they brought it up to the CMA.
While it's absolutely reasonable to worry about a world in which more and more properties are concentrated in the hands of singular, giant megacorps, it does look a bit odd if you're complaining about losing access to games while stopping them from joining competing services.
We'll find out if the CMA agrees when it completes its in-depth, "Phase 2" investigation opens in new tab into the Activision Blizzard acquisition, which is some way off yet. For now, we'll have to content ourselves with poring over these kinds of corporate submissions for more interesting tidbits like this one.
So far, we've already learned that Microsoft privately has a gloomy forecast for the future of cloud gaming opens in new tab , and that the company thinks Sony shouldn't worry so much since, hey, future COD games might be as underwhelming as Vanguard opens in new tab. Who knows what we'll learn next?
The owner of the Topshop and Miss Selfridge brands has moved to overhaul its operations after posting a full-year loss in October.
Asos, which is scaling back discounts, plans to write off between £ million and £ million of out-of-fashion inventory to help refresh its brand for twentysomethings. Inventories rose to almost £1. Hundreds of first-time buyers are at risk of missing out on support from the Government's Help to Buy scheme because of a deadline imposed on developers to finish building qualifying properties by the end of Buyers using the taxpayer-backed loan programme to get on the property ladder must complete new-build compliance checks before the new year according to rules set by the Housing Department - even though the scheme itself is not being wound up until March.
Car factory production rose in October but the industry fears it may be case of one step forward, two steps back amid the growing prospect of a recession.
GAMS Studio is a completely new integrated development environment for GAMS, which is available for Windows, macOS, and Linux. The classic GAMS IDE has been shipped with the GAMS system for the last 20 years and is still the workhorse for many GAMS programmers.
However, the existing IDE does not provide all the features we see in modern development environments. Due to its underlying software technology, implementing new features in the current IDE turned out to be a poor option, so work on a new development environment started from scratch.
An overview about the differences between GAMS Studio and the classic GAMS IDE can be seen at the end of this chapter for long-time GAMSIDE users, especially the difference between IDE projects and Studio projects might be interesting. The Welcome page is the starting point of GAMS Studio. It is designed to give quick access to common actions and to offer helpful information.
It is divided into three columns. On the very left there is a column labeled "Last Files" which lists all files that have been opened recently in Studio with the most recent file on top. A simple left click on an item in this list opens the corresponding file.
The middle column named "Getting Started" offers useful actions and links for new users. The upper half contains shortcuts to create new files in user defined locations, open the GAMS Model Library Explorer or load the Transport example. The lower half has a link to the Studio introduction video on YouTube and two further links that open the integrated help view showing either this Studio documentation or the page with the GAMS tutorial overview.
The rightmost column "Further Help" contains a link to the recent changes of GAMS Studio, the latest GAMS release notes, the GAMS World Forum for support and information about how to contact GAMS. The Code Editor provides common functionality for editing with GAMS specific syntax highlighting.
On the left side there is a special area displaying the line numbers and icons for links and errors generated by the compiler.
The Code Editor looks for parenthesis to the right then to the left of the cursor and marks valid and invalid nesting. To select the block to the matching parenthesis hit Ctrl - Shift - B.
To support navigating to files included by the gams source, place the mouse cursor over the file name and press the Ctrl - Left Mousebutton or place the cursor at the filename an hit F2. If found, Studio will add the file to the current project and open it. Only plain text filenames can be detected this way, symbols are not resolved. The Code Editor detects several kinds of sections in the source code that can be folded.
To toggle the folding state of a section either the fold-marker can be clicked or the shortcut Alt - L can be pressed when the cursor is in a foldable line.
To fold or unfold all foldable sections the main menu contains entries in the View menu. Additionally the shortcuts Alt - O to fold and Alt - Shift - O to unfold can be used. GAMS Studio offers a static code completion for fixed internal keywords known by the compiler. The code completer pops up after pressing Ctrl - Space and shows keywords that matches the current syntax and starts with the already typed characters of the word to the left of the cursor.
Moving the cursor to the left shortens the matching pattern while moving the cursor to the right extends it. To hide the completer, hit esc or click outside of the completer window.
Additionally the completer hides if there is no match for the current start of word. This feature is meant to improve convenience for users typing source code. In GAMS, as in pretty much every other programming language, opening brackets or quote characters are followed at some point by a closing equivalent.
So when a user types one of the following characters the matching closing character will also be inserted after the text cursor. This allows the user to easily type the content in between. When typing the closing character which should be right after the cursor the already existing character will be jumped over.
So when a user types the closing character by force of habit the autoclose feature does not interfere or causes syntax errors. Also possible is to make a text selection and then type a bracket or quote character.
The selected text will then be surrounded by the chosen character pair. as a comparison operator. In some cases user might not like the closing character to be inserted automatically however, this is hard to predict. Other editors - like Qt Creator - check what the next character after the cursor is.
Only a limited set of characters allows the automatic insertion of the closing character. When opening a file Studio tries to assume the valid file-encoding. To reload a file using another codec the reload with submenu can be used. With the convert to submenu the current file can be converted to another codec. A selection of encodings is preselected. This selection can be changed using the Select encoding submenu. It opens a dialog where the active encodings can be selected.
One of them is marked as the Default encoding. Initially is is set to utf The Code Editor provides the ability to set temporary bookmarks in the text files opened in main tabs. If Studio is closed they are dropped.
Also if a file tab is closed the bookmarks for this file are dropped. A bookmark is placed at the current position of the current file using the toggle bookmark key. A line in the editor can only carry one bookmark. If this line has a bookmark already the existing one is removed.
lst which is generated when running a GAMS. gms file. The Listing Viewer consists of two sides. On the left side, the content of the listing file is presented in a tree structure that allows for convenient navigation within the listing file.
The right side shows the listing file itself. By clicking on a specific item in the tree on the left hand side, the listing file will automatically jump to the corresponding location. Changes of the cursor position in the listing file are dynamically reflected in the tree by selecting the item that belongs to the current section of the listing file.
When the GAMS process returns with a compilation error the Listing Viewer contains links to the source file. If the source file doesn't exist anymore the link is still shown but striked out.
The GDX Viewer is used to open and inspect GDX GAMS Data eXchange files. A GDX file contains GAMS symbols such as sets, parameters, variables, and equations in a binary format that serves as input and output to GAMS. The GDX Viewer component consists of two sides. The left side displays the symbol table of the open GDX file in a table format.
Every entry represents a symbol and consists of the following information:. A specific column can be sorted by clicking on the respective column header. Clicking again toggles the sorting direction. The Filter facility provides dynamic filtering of the list of symbols contained in the GDX file.
By default, only the Name column is taken into account by the filter. Clicking on the Export button will open the export dialog. The right side of the GDX Viewer displays the actual data of the symbol that is selected in the symbol table.
Data can be displayed in either the List View or the Table View which can be toggled using the corresponding button in the upper part of the GDX Viewer. The GDX Viewer automatically saves and restores its state as soon as data is reloaded due to changes to the underlying GDX file. Changes to the symbol table like an applied filter or the currently selected symbol are kept. Individual symbols keep applied filters as well as the view settings e.
the currently selected view List View or Table View , preferences and the visible attributes for variables and equations as long as the name, type, and dimension of the symbol did not change during the update of the GDX file. Resetting the state of a symbol can be achieved by clicking on the Reset button. In order to get rid of the whole GDX Viewer state, it has to be closed and reopened. The List View is the default representation when looking at data using the GDX Viewer.
The data is presented in the form of a table in which each row represents a record of the symbol. Each record consists of key columns corresponding to the symbols dimension.
The value columns vary according to symbol type:. The header displays the individual domains as well as the original index position using superscript notation which is especially useful if the column order has been changed. Furthermore it allows to manipulate the displayed data in several ways. By left clicking on a column header, the corresponding column is sorted using a stable sort mechanism that does not change the order of equal entries.
Clicking again changes the sorting direction. Due to the Extended Range Arithmetic used by GAMS, columns containing numerical data can contain special values. Those values are treated in a special way when being sorted:. The order of columns can be changed by dragging a column header and dropping it at a different position. Dragging the border between column headers allows for resizing the widths of the involved columns.
The columns in the List View offer a filter facility which can be opened either by right clicking on the column header or by left clicking on the filter icon. The Reset button in the top right corner can be used to reset the view to defaults.
Web21/10/ · A footnote in Microsoft's submission to the UK's Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has let slip the reason behind Call of Duty's absence from the Xbox Game Pass library: Sony and Web14/12/ · *A Private Investor is a recipient of the information who meets all of the conditions set out below, the recipient: Obtains access to the information in a personal capacity; WebThe Socrates (aka blogger.com) and Berkeley Scholars web hosting services have been retired as of January 5th, If the site you're looking for does not appear in the list below, you may also be able to find the materials by WebIn computing, plain text is a loose term for data (e.g. file contents) that represent only characters of readable material but not its graphical representation nor other objects (floating-point numbers, images, etc.).It may also include a limited number of "whitespace" characters that affect simple arrangement of text, such as spaces, line breaks, or WebSee also Remote files, fopen() and file() for related information.. Handling Returns: include returns FALSE on failure and raises a warning. Successful includes, unless overridden by the included file, return blogger.com is possible to execute a return statement inside an included file in order to terminate processing in that file and return to the script which called it WebCommand Line Options. GAMS Studio can be started with additional command line options that change the behavior or trigger certain functionality at start up time. The syntax for starting GAMS Studio from the command line is. studio [options] [files] While files is one or more files to be opened by GAMS Studio, the following options can be supplied ... read more
See Home on how to always navigate back to the start page of the document. Michele Maatouk Sharecast News. It is documented in Branch-and-Cut-and-Heuristic Facility BCH. Pressing the Ctrl - F opens the Search and Replace window. If found, Studio will add the file to the current project and open it.The Tab Browser is accessible with a button next to the main tab bar or via the shortcut Ctrl - 4. The button Preferences opens a menu containing different settings for the current symbol. Settings are categorized loosely on five tab pages, noa binary options. While changing the URL, Studio tries directly to access the server and requests version information. Initially, this is set automatically to the location of the file that was opened noa binary options create the new project. The last button closes the Pin View.